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Geography of twicland

Great Sudd in Twicland


  • Twicland is in central Jonglei state. Much of the land is covered by water, the Great Sudd covers most of Twicland. The Port Village of Dhiam-Dhiam, an Estuary on the east bank of the White Nile River in Twic South county, is a very strategic area. The future water transport lies in Dhiam-Dhiam as a River port for the people of Jonglei's hinterlands. The fishing village of Dhiam-Dhiam has been the place where foreign made good destined for Jonglei inlands have been dropped off.  It's a possible place where foreign produced goods can reach people in Twic, Duk as well as Lou Nuerland in the northeast. In the past, Ferries from the Port town of Kosti docked in Dhiam-Dhiam, and has been used as a link by Jieng in the West Bank of the White Nile River.    

  •  Agriculture   
  • Twicland has highly fertile loom-soils, and a potential place that can feed the much of South Sudan. The land along the white Nile River has thousands of years deposits of plants remains and will require less use of fertilizer. The land can support large scale farming for decade fresh water and hassle-free environment. On the east side of the Jonglei canal, the land could be good for rice farming, wheat, beans and all the other cash crops that require growing on large scale. In terms of tourism, Jonglei state has one of the world's largest wildlife reserve in the world. The exploration by New York Times in 2011 confirmed that Jonglei state has herds of animals far greater than those found in Kenya and Tanzania combined. The animals travel to the bank of the White Nile River in the dry Season and spend rest of the year in the Jonglei's Great Savannah.   

Jonglei Canal in Twicland


  • The historic Earth Excavator known as the Bucket-Wheel ended its operation in Twicland (1984), less than a year after the launched of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army, and which was harshly opposed to the Jonglei Project.  The Only 100 km of the total length of canal was left when it was halted. 

Seasonal animals carvan in Twicland


  • In Jonglei, Twicland has a suitable environment which rich pastures that can sustain both domestic and wild animals. The eastern part of the area falls within the great Jonglei plains where thousands of animal species thrive.  The wildlife in the Jonglei's Plateau make their way to the Great Sudd, and across the Twic's Savannah in the dry Season, and back to eastern regions where they spend rest of the year. 

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Historical Administrative changes

Map of former Kongor District in Jonglei province(1976-2004).

  • What is now Twic East area and Duk counties were once known as Kongor District in the old Sudan(1975-2004), later known as Twic East county and Duk county respectively. In the eve of what South Sudanese referred to as devolution of powers, Twic East county split into three counties, namely: Twic North County, Twic Central County and Twic South, whereas Duk Counties split into three counties: Duk Padiet County, Duk Panyang County and Duk Payuel County.

  • Prior to the modern time; Twic Dinka, Hol Dinka, Nyarweng Dinka, some part of Lou Nuer and Gawaar were headquartered in Duk Payuel until 1928 when Duk District and Abong District were dissolved by the British Administration. The Twic Dinka, Hol Dinka, Nyarweng Dinka, and the Bor Dinka which was part of the Mangalla province were brought together, headquartered moved from Duk Payuel to Bor along the White Nile, and District became Bor-Duk District, the hyphenated name was later changed to Bor District. 
  • On the other side of the Duk District, Gawaar Nuer, Lak Nuer, Thiang Nuer, Luac Dinka, Paweny Dinka Thoi Dinka, and Rut Dinka were bought together under the Fangak District along the Khorfulus Delta. Along the same line, Lou Nuer's administrative headquarters was moved from Abong District to Akoba along the Sobat River, all to make sailing to the District headquarters easy for the British Administrators whose movement was often restricted by the impassable wetland.