Twic History

Twicland in the old Maps

For centuries, Twic East people have lived as unique Jieng enthnic group, their contact with neighbors and outside world have enriched their well-being as people. Historical accounts traced the origins of Eastern Twic Jieng/Dinka to the West Bank of the White Nile River, and last settlers from the Padang Jieng around Renk and Malakal. Over the many centuries, people from far places arrived in the Twicland, adopted the traditiona in the land, learned the Twic's accent and merged into the Eastern Twic local practices. There are often confusions that some Jiengs far away from the East Bank of the White Nile River mistaken Twic to be Buoor while ethnic differences explain a quite different narrative the two Groups plus Hol and Nyarweng who found in northern Jonglei. That is to be expected because people who live in a defined political area often appear to be one ethnic group.

Twic History

The Twic Dinka are known for straightforwardness, and where rules of conduct are universally observed. In the Sudanese and the South Sudanese struggle for independence, Twic Dinka played notable roles. During the Anglo-Egyptian rule, Twic Dinka among other Jieng people in the Upper Nile Region of the Sudan resisted foreign rule, and they flocked to the bush when the first Sudanese civil war broke out in 1955. Given their outstanding preferences for equality and justice for all, Twic Dinka sacrificed a great deal in the two wars that signified the cause of the marginalized Sudanese. In 1967, high ranking Twic leaders went to Malakal, met with the Sudanese Government's officials, and demanded an administrative government to be established in South Sudan, and to be based in garrison town of Juba. That demand did not sit well with other Jieng who saw no future with such demand. 

In the backdrop of the unforgiving Prime Minister, Sadiq Al-Mahdi, the Twic Dinka's chiefs and politicians became soft targets for the raging civil war in Southern Sudan. A political conspiracy that people rather keep in the grave led to the extrajudicial execution of 32 Chiefs, including Ajang Duot Bior who was the Grand paramount Chief of the then defunct Bor District, honorable Bul Kooch, the Twic Area MP, and Nyarweng's Paramount Chief, Joggak Deng Malual. 

At that time, Bor District was the headquarters for Bor Dinka, Hol Dinka, Nyarweng Dinka and the Twic Dinka(E). During the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement negotiation, the Rebel Chief Negotiator was Enoch Mading Garang, a Prominent Twic Dinka. In the Anya-Nya Army Wing, John Garang de Mabior(who later became the chairman and commander in chief of the SPLM/SPLA), a captain in the Rebel Group was a very vocal opponent of the Agreement, and influenced his commanding officer Paul Awel Ruai, not to accept absorption of the Rebel fighters into the Sudanese army, and without assurances to the lasting peace.  

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